The harvesting of sperm by the use of surgical techniques is done for several reasons. Some of these include:
- If a man is unable to ejaculate successfully
- If there is an obstruction present in the tubes that carry the sperm outwards
- A case of a failed Vasectomy reversal
There are two techniques that exist for Surgical Sperm Retrieval – PESA and TeSA. These techniques are routinely performed and allow the patient to return to work the following day.
Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA)
If a blockage in the epididymis or congenital absence of the vas deferens (the drainage tube for sperm from the testis to the penis), is the cause for Azoospermia (no sperm in the semen), then this procedure is indicated for obtaining sperm. A very fine needle is inserted into the Epididymis (the sperm collecting tube outside the testis) and sperms are aspirated. This procedure is performed under local anaesthesia, requires no incision, and the patient can get back to work the same day.